The Civil Service

Members of Parliament can be regarded as the front-end, public-facing partners of His/Her Majesty’s Home Civil Service (HCS), an organisation which is tasked with the nuts-and-bolts administration of the country. HCS employees are called civil servants […]

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The Good Parliament of 1376

The Good Parliament of 28 April – 10 July 1376 was followed by the Bad Parliament of 27 January – 2 March 1377, which reversed everything accomplished by the former and added an unpopular poll […]

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The Brexit Party

2019 was the year the Brexit Party emerged as a phenomenal grass-roots success in British politics, focused on fully implementing the 2016 referendum vote to leave the European Union. The Brexit Party’s rapid progress can […]

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The Chartist Movement

The 1832 Reform Act was a small step towards equal rights, such as they were then perceived, but the oppressed working classes wanted more. Against a background of revolution in Europe, British activists held peaceful […]

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Coalition governments

With its first-past-the-post voting principle, a UK General Election does not often result in no party having a working majority of 326 MPs, but when it does, a coalition government is one option. The devolved […]

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The Northern Ireland Assembly

Ever since its legal creation in 1921, Northern Ireland has had its own Parliament, or Assembly, but its operation has never been without difficulties. This has resulted in several temporary suspensions or even the shutting […]

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Royal Assent

After a Bill passes through both Houses of Parliament, it must have Royal Assent to become an Act. The oldest way in which this is given is by the monarch attending the House of Lords […]

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Nationalist parties

Considering that the UK has four constituent nations, it was perhaps inevitable that nationalist parties would emerge on the political scene. They have always advocated for leaving the UK but today none seem to seek […]

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DEFRA

The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) is only the 10th biggest UK government department in terms of staff numbers, but its remit is wide-ranging and pivotal for the country’s well-being. Indeed it […]

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The VC and GC awards for heroism

The Victoria Cross (VC), named after Queen Victoria (1819-1901), was instituted in 1856. It is a decoration given to military personnel who have exhibited extreme bravery in the face of a wartime enemy. The first […]

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The Privy Council

In the UK’s constitutional monarchy the Privy Council can be regarded as a go-between for Parliament’s dealings with the Sovereign, as well as the vehicle by which non-Parliamentary and non-UK royal affairs are conducted. These […]

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The 1922 Committee

In 1922, Conservative MPs voted to end the coalition with the Liberals and have a General Election. This they won decisively but there were many new faces now in Conservative ranks, so one of them, […]

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